A massive star has mysteriously vanished without any trace, baffling astronomers

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A massive star has mysteriously vanished without any trace, leaving astronomers baffled and questioning the current understanding of stellar processes.

This unprecedented event challenges the preconceived notions of how massive stars end their lives.

In this article, we will discuss the disappearance of this massive star, its possible explanations, and the implications for the field of astronomy.

The information presented is based on the research paper published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS).

The Vanishing Star

The star in question, located in the Kinman Dwarf galaxy, approximately 75 million light-years away from Earth, was a luminous blue variable (LBV) star. These stars are known for their erratic behavior, extreme brightness, and massive size. Astronomers had been observing the star for nearly two decades when, in 2019, they discovered that it had disappeared.

Possible Explanations

Numerous theories have been proposed to explain the star’s disappearance, including:

  1. Direct Collapse to a Black Hole: The star may have collapsed into a black hole without going through a supernova explosion, a rare but possible event. This would mean that the star’s mass was directly converted into a black hole, leaving no visible remnant.
  2. Obscured by Dust: The star could be obscured by cosmic dust, making it difficult to observe from Earth. LBVs are known to eject large amounts of material that can create dust clouds, blocking the star’s light from reaching us.
  3. Transformation to a Less Luminous Star: The star may have undergone a rapid transformation that made it less luminous and harder to detect. It could have transitioned from an LBV to a Wolf-Rayet star or another less luminous stage.

Challenging Stellar Evolution Theories

The mysterious disappearance of this massive star challenges our current understanding of stellar evolution. The direct collapse to a black hole without a supernova has not been observed before, and if this is the case, it would significantly impact our knowledge of how massive stars die.

Moreover, the possibility of a star transitioning quickly from an LBV to a less luminous stage would also require a reevaluation of current models. It would imply that massive stars can undergo rapid transformations, which goes against the current understanding of stellar evolution.

Future Observations and Research

To unravel the mystery of the vanishing star, astronomers will need to conduct more observations and gather more data. The James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in the coming years, could provide the necessary data to help solve this puzzle.

Furthermore, continued research into massive stars’ behavior and end-of-life processes will be crucial. This discovery has opened up new avenues for exploration, and future studies could reveal more surprises and deepen our understanding of the universe.


The mysterious disappearance of a massive star has left astronomers puzzled and questioning the current understanding of stellar processes. Various explanations have been proposed, but none have been confirmed. This enigmatic event has opened up new research opportunities and may ultimately lead to a better understanding of stellar evolution and the universe’s workings.


Research paper: ‘The possible disappearance of a massive star in the low-metallicity galaxy PHL 293B 

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