Astronomical Records Are About To Be Broken As NASA Reveals The 5 Cosmic Targets of James Webb’s First Photos

1) Carina Nebula

The Carina Nebula is one of the biggest and brightest nebulae seen in the night sky, according to NASA. It is situated around 7,600 light-years distant in the southern Carina constellation. The Carina Nebula contains several enormous stars that are several times the size of the Sun.

Image Credit: NASA, ESA, M. Livio and the Hubble 20th Anniversary Team (STScI)

The image above was acquired by Hubble in 2010 and depicts the "mystic mountain," a three-light-year-tall cosmic pinnacle inside the Carina Nebula that is composed mostly of dust and gas and indicates evidence of strong star formation. These hues correspond to the luminescence of oxygen (blue), hydrogen and nitrogen (green), and sulphur (red).

2) WASP-96 b

NASA reports that WASP-96 b, a huge planet beyond the solar system of Earth, is comprised mostly of gas. Nearly 1,150 light-years distant, the planet circles its star every 3.4 days. It has around half the mass of Jupiter and was discovered in 2014.

WASP-96 b cannot be seen from the Earth.

3) Ring Nebula of the South

The Southern Ring Nebula, also known as the Eight-Burst Nebula, is a planetary nebula, which is an expanding gas cloud encircling a dead star. It has a diameter of roughly half a light-year and is around 2,000 light-years from Earth.

Image Credit: NASA/The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA/NASA)

It is visible from the southern hemisphere of Earth and has a form described by NASA as a figure eight when seen through telescopes. In 2008, Hubble took the above image.

4) The Stephan Quartet

Stephan's Quintet, commonly known as Hickson Compact Group 92, is situated in the constellation Pegasus and was discovered in 1787. It is located around 290 million light-years distant, and NASA characterises four of its five galaxies as being involved in a cosmic dance of frequent near encounters.

Image credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble SM4 ERO Team

Studies have indicated that one of the members of the "quintet," NGC 7320, which can be seen in the upper left, is really a foreground galaxy about seven times closer to Earth than the rest of the group.

In 2009, the above image of Stephan's Quintet was captured by Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3.

5) SMACS 0723

This celestial target is described by NASA as a collection of massive foreground galaxies that magnify and distort the light of objects behind them. This phenomenon, known as gravitational lensing, enables telescopes to obtain a deeper field view of the extremely distant and therefore faint galaxy populations.

This work is based on observations taken by the RELICS Treasury Program (GO 14096) with the NASA/ESA HST, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555.

Based on observations made by the RELICS Treasury Program (GO 14096) using the NASA/ESA HST, which is administered by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555, this study was produced.

It is unclear if Webb will picture this cluster or use it to view even farther away.

The James Webb Space Telescope will deliver photos on July 12 that include the deepest perspective of the cosmos ever captured.

First image will be released today. Watch it live below: 

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