Physicists from the UK have discovered the initial stages of a hydrogen phase called as Phase V for the first time ever in the lab. They exposed hydrogen molecules in a pressure that is 3 million times more than that of Earth’s atmospheric pressure. Research shows that it is a metallic form of hydrogen. This was also predicted in the early 1935 but it could not get much acceptance as it was not recreated in the laboratory. It is considered that this metallic form of hydrogen can conduct electricity without any electrical resistance. This hydrogen metal is found in Jupiter and Saturn in huge quantities.
To set it in interpretation, one Giga Pascal is equals to 10,000 Earth’s atmospheric pressure. And this is the highest pressure that’s ever been attained in lab by humans.
This unconvincing high pressure can alter the chemical bonds in the hydrogen molecules, and give rise to a new solid phase - Phase V. At this point of time, the molecules commence to split up into single atoms and their electrons start to act like that of metals instead of gases.
The team says at the time when they haven’t realized a fully metallic state of hydrogen, they’ve observed the early phases-the beginning of the predicted metallic hydrogen.
This proposed that more high pressure is needed to attain pure metallic hydrogen, but diamond anvils might not be enough
Arthur Ruoff, a high-pressure physicist at Cornell University said "Hydrogen is the simplest atom, the simplest molecule, and it could be the most complex elemental solid".