In Switzerland two separate groups of scientists currently working at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered signs of new vital particle of nature. While observing what this particle could be – most accepted opinion hypothesize that it could be heavier version of the Higgs boson, which describes why all other particles have mass. One of the scientists, Kyle Cranmer from New York University, said "I don’t think there is anyone around who thinks this is conclusive”, told The New York Times. "But it would be massive if true."
The Higgs boson. Credit: CMS
A spike in motion has recorded by the CMS and ATLAS detectors at the LHC at a specific energy level, matching to almost 750 giga electronvolts (GeV) - or approximately 750 billion electron volts, since then.
This mysterious signal, which was hidden in the remnants of proton-proton collisions, could be the sign of new particle that bear a resemblance of the Higgs boson, only it’d be almost 12 times heavier, with a mass of 1,500 Giga Electron volt.
Dennis Overbye writes in New York Times "That might not be enough to bother presenting in a talk, except for the fact that the competing CERN team, named CMS, found a bump in the same place. When all the statistical effects are taken into consideration ... the bump in the Atlas data had about a 1-in-93 chance of being a fluke - far stronger than the 1-in-3.5-million odds of mere chance, known as five-sigma, considered the gold standard for a discovery."
Which means found signal was significantly still very low. ATLAS identified almost 40 pairs of photons which is significantly more than the expected model of particle physics, and CMS recorded only 10, reported by Davide Castelvecchi for Nature. When we consider that this composed data is based from almost 400 trillion proton-proton collisions, then it is true to say that these particles are either tremendously rare, made under extremely difficult-to-recreate situations, or don't exist.
In a time of six months we will have an enhanced idea about these particles. Researchers are expected to collect about 10 times of data as they do now. If the scientists can approve the existence of "a 750-billion-electron-volt beast decaying to two photons", called by ascientist, Maria Spiropulu from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech),it will be completely up to the theoretical physicists can only describe it.