An international group of astronomers have discovered a black hole nearly 12 billion times the mass of our Sun; their discovery was report in the journal Nature recently. The discovery of a supermassive black hole from the early universe is forcing scientists to rewrite physics. The supermassive black hole, which formed nearly 900 million years after the Big Bang, is the cause of a strong beam of bright material recognized as a quasar. Dr Fuyan Bian of the Australian National University, says "When we found this supermassive black hole we got very excited because we had found something that we never thought we could find," The research group, managed by Xue-Bing Wu at Peking University, detected the black hole and quasar -- acknowledged as SDSS JO100+2802 – using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), then followed up with three other different telescopes. With a brightness of 420 trillion that of our Sun's, this new quasar is seven times brighter than the most of distant quasar known so far. "This quasar is very unique. Just like the brightest lighthouse in the distant universe, its glowing light will help us probe more about the early Universe," says Xue-Bing Wu.
But the energy of the quasar essentially thrusts material away from the black hole so if it is excessively great it can stop material sinking onto to the black hole completely. These two forces must be well-adjusted, which bounds how fast a black hole can propagate. This point, united with the small amount of matter existing in the early Universe in the first place, make it tough for researchers to clarify how the supermassive black hole came into existence.
"With this supermassive black hole, very early in the Universe, that theory cannot work. It's time for a new hypothesis and for some new physics." says Dr Fuyan Bian.