The strange cosmic objects called quasars are some of the perkiest objects in the cosmos. Quasars are essentially galaxies with massive black holes at their cores, sucking in matter and releasing gouts of x-rays that generate a massive, broiling-hot cloud. Like several astronomical pictures that you see, this isn't a precise image of what you'd see with your own eyes if you were moving around this quasar, known as RX J1131. The image you're seeing is relatively created by gravitational lensing from a neighboring galaxy, generating four images of the quasar (in pink). Even with the distortions, you can comprehend how bright it is.
An announcement from Chandra X-ray Observatory describes what you're seeing:
The quasar is known as RX J1131-1231 (RX J1131 for short), located about 6 billion light years from Earth. Using the gravitational lens, a high quality X-ray spectrum - that is, the amount of X-rays seen at different energies - of RX J1131 was obtained.
The X-rays are produced when a swirling accretion disk of gas and dust that surrounds the black hole creates a multimillion-degree cloud, or corona near the black hole. X-rays from this corona reflect off the inner edge of the accretion disk. The reflected X-ray spectrum is altered by the strong gravitational forces near the black hole. The larger the change in the spectrum, the closer the inner edge of the disk must be to the black hole.
The authors of the new study found that the X-rays are coming from a region in the disk located only about three times the radius of the event horizon, the point of no return for infalling matter. This implies that the black hole must be spinning extremely rapidly to allow a disk to survive at such a small radius.”