A group of physicists have delivered what has been
defined by
the journal Nature as the “clearest evidence yet” that our universe
nothing but just a hologram. The new study could help settle one of modern
physics’ most persistent problems: the apparent contradictions between the
different models of the universe as described by quantum physics and Einstein’s
theory of gravity. The two new scientific papers are the conclusion of years’
work led by Yoshifumi Hyakutake of Ibaraki University in Japan, and deal with
theoretical calculations of the energies of black holes in different universes.

The indication of the universe existing as a
‘hologram’ doesn’t refer to a Matrix-like illusion, but the concept that the
three dimensions we observe are actually just “painted” onto the cosmological
horizon, the border of the known universe. If this sounds contradictory or
paradoxical, try to imagine a holographic picture that changes as you move it.
Though the picture is two dimensional, detecting it from different locations
generates the illusion that it is 3D.This model of the universe helps explain
some variations between general relativity (Einstein’s theory) and quantum
physics. While Einstein’s work reinforces much of modern physics, at certain
limits (for example in the middle of a black hole) the principles he drawn
break down and the laws of quantum physics take over.

The traditional method of integration these two
models has come from the 1997 work of theoretical physicist Juan Maldacena,
whose ideas constructed upon string theory. This is one of the most well
appreciated ‘theories of everything’ (Stephen Hawking is a fan) and it suggests
that one-dimensional vibrating objects known as ‘strings’ are the basic
particles of the universe. Maldacena has greeted the new study by Hyakutake and
his team, telling the journal Nature that the results are “an interesting way
to test many ideas in quantum gravity and string theory.”

Leonard Susskind, a theoretical physicist considered
as one of the fathers of string theory, added that the study by the Japanese
team “numerically confirmed, perhaps for the first time, something we were
fairly sure had to be true, but was still a conjecture.”

For more info on this research, click here to
read the original announcement.

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