A group of astronomers and engineers want to duplicate the atmosphere of a red giant just like the one that you are seeing in above Hubble image, right here on PlanetEarth. To make this take place, project Nanocosmos will construct three five-meter-long machines operational with hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, , titanium, iron, silicon and further metals at 1500 C (2732 F). “For the first time, Nanocosmos will design and build a machine capable of producing insterstellar dust grains emulating the physical and chemical conditions of the outer layers of dying stars. “Speaking to newspaper El Mundo, astronomer José Cernicharo, who aimed the research beside with material science professor José Ángel Martín and astrophysicist Christine Joblin, said that it is a complex project, but totally achievable. HE further said:
“In a manner of speaking, we want to bring a star to the laboratory. Obviously, it's a very complicated object. We are not going to reproduce the star itself but only its atmosphere, the place where interstellar dust is formed. How can we do this? By building simulation chambers, two in Spain and one in France, to study the different physical and chemical processes that make these small particles of interstellar dust.” The dust particles that form about dying stars are emitted to the stellar medium where, millions of years later, they blend in with new interstellar clouds that give birth to planets and stars, few rocky like Planet Earth. We know their configuration but not their structure or the essential process that form them. The project Nanocosmos will hire 40 engineers and astronomers all over the world, as well as the ALMA telescope in Chile and numerous radio telescopes round the world.
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